conversion of wetlands for settlements and agriculture. Hard ground swamp deer is also known as Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh. Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 schedules. It is best known for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide. weak enforcement of fisheries and Protected Area regulations. All rights reserved. Sangai (Brow antlered deer or dancing deer- or Eld’sdeer). Context: Maharashtra state department proposes Mayani Lake cluster as Conservation Reserve, home to a wide variety of migratory and resident birds including the greater flamingo and lesser flamingo, endangered Steppe eagle. Chinese Pangolin is found in the Himalayan foothills in Eastern Nepal, Bhutan, Northern India, North-East Bangladesh and through Southern China. The barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also called swamp deer, is a deer species distributed in the Indian subcontinent. One of the four surviving species in the Order Sirenia and it is the only existing species of herbivorous mammal that lives exclusively in the sea including in India. Endangered because of its small population size and area of occupancy. March 5, 2020 Authorities of the Kanha National Park claimed that the population of the near-extinct Hard Ground Swamp Deer has been improving in the area. collecting from the wild due to the exotic pet trade. State animal of Jammu & Kashmir. Species are categorised under three Appendixes and are given varying degrees of protection. Over 90% of the potential distribution of the Sal forest tortoise falls outside the current protected area’s network. They have elongated somewhat narrow carapaces and yellow heads. Second smallest of all sea turtles found in the world. Found throughout the Indian subcontinent. Context:  Reduction in wildlife trade (TRAFFIC Report). Inhabit a variety of ecosystems; areas with greater availability of prey, good visibility and minimal chances of encountering larger predators are preferred- mostly grasslands (savanna). Negative attitude towards the species makes conservation measures difficult to implement. The thick foliage of the tree arrests the growth of other indigenous tree and grass species. In early 2000, swamp deer were translocated to Bandhavgarh National Park, also in Madhya Pradesh, but it didn’t work out. Context: World Dugong Day is celebrated on 28th May, every year. IUCN (2004), the total number of plant and animal species described so far is ... Maharashtra and the hard ground Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli), now restricted to a single locality in Madhya Pradesh. The Barasingha is a medium-sized deer. habitat loss and uncontrolled hunting, and. Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals: Their oil and meat are used as a liniment, as an aphrodisiac, and as bait for catfish. COP13, 2020 Theme: ‘Migratory species connect the planet and we welcome them home’. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Categories, aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. The Biology and Ecology of Hard Ground celi) in Dudhwa … JOIN PT -365 SERIES : - TEMSIAS.COM /PLAN/ 11 . It is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time. Members of the species survive only in captivity or as artificially supported populations; outside their historical geographic range. Listed as Vulnerable under IUCN Red List. Trade-in specimens of these species are permitted only in exceptional circumstances. km. Found in warm coastal waters from the western Pacific Ocean to the eastern coast of Africa. Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. WWF has developed and launched Third Pole Geo Lab, an interactive web-based tool and database for snow leopard conservation, climate change, and water security issues in Asia’s high mountains. New York:Harper and Row. Its genome is entirely sequenced and there is enormous information available about its biochemistry, physiology, and behaviour. CITES was drafted after a resolution was adopted at a meeting of the members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 1963. Native to the freshwater river systems located in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Found in tidal areas of large rivers, sandbars and riverbanks. hard ground swamp deer/barasingha - barasingha stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Prefers grassland, shrubs, subtropical and dense tropical forest, high rainfall, hard terrain, low human presence. It breeds from Romania east through the south Russian and Central Asian steppes to Mongolia. listed as endangered under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and CITES. Five swamp deer were translocated to Bhopal. Also is known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle. From a population of around 3,000 in 1938, their population dwindled to a near-extinction level of just 66 in 1970. The last individual has died or systematic and time-appropriate surveys have been unable to find even a single individual. The translocation programme was indefinitely postponed. IUCN category II (national park) Tiger in Kanha. Species of tortoise found in Southeast Asia and parts of the Indian Subcontinent, particularly Northeast India. KNPTR is on the Maikal range of the Satpura hills, and is spread over an area of 940 square kilometres between Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh. Context: Fishing cat collaring project to begin in A.P.’s Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary in the Godavari estuary. Found in open montane grassland habitat of rain forests ecoregion. In 2015, swamp deer were also brought to the Bhopal-based Van Vihar National park. Tribal hunters indulge in ritual hunting practices of fishing cat throughout the year. Soils range from pure sand and gravel to rich alluvium of river banks; shisham can grow in slightly saline soils. Hog deer have benefited indirectly from wet grassland habitat protection measures taken in favour of more endangered swamp deer and other large mammals (IUCN, 1998). Identification of suitable habitat for Swamp Deer Rucervus duvaucelii duvaucelii (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Chitwan National Park, Nepal . Context: Proposal to introduce in Jim Corbett National Park. Tiger: Reserve 1945 sq. The southern swamp deer has hard hooves and is adapted to hard ground. Destruction of wetlands, their preferred habitat. Diseases such as canine distemper virus and rabies. The animal is adapted to hard ground unlike swamp deer of the north, which live in marshy … Exploited for illegal trade across borders for its meat and carapace. A genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called “small fruit flies”. Sloth Bear 3) Bara Singha: Rucervus duvauceli branderi or the ‘Hard Ground Swamp Deer’ is highly endangered species of deer, endemic to Kanha National Park. The snow leopard (also called ounce) is found in high mountains in 12 countries of Central Asia. The mascot aims to present the hard ground swamp deer (Barasingha) as the spirit of the reserve and spread awareness to save it from possible extinction. Due to fears over the deer being wiped out, conservationists are trying to translocate them to other habitats. Recently been split into two species- Mainland clouded leopard, Sunda clouded leopard. Several discoveries in biology have been made using this. In Nepal too, the government tried its hand at translocation but it failed. Tiger Haven. It is native to the foothills of the Himalayas. Context: A research paper on cloud leopards has helped to understand their habitats, migration corridors and laid out the conservation strategies. Found in Bandipur, Nagarhole, Kanha, Periyar National parks. National Chambal Sanctuary is India’s only protected riverine habitat this turtle. Hard ground swamp deer ( Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii ), the state animal of Madhya Pradesh, is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time. Thus, it causes a food shortage for the wildlife population, especially herbivores. The southern swamp deer- found in Central and North India. You can further help us by making a donation. Their … endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The species now numbers 800, after five decades of persistent conservation work. ... the forest department is working on reintroducing to Satpura barasinghas or hard ground swamp deer. (j.k) IUCN: Critically endangered Dhole (Asiatic Wild Dog) Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh rank high in the conservation of dhole in Outside Kaziranga, rhinos are found Pobitara WLS, Orang NP, Manas NP in Assam, Jaldapara NP and Garumara NP in West Bengal and Dudhwa TR in Uttar Pradesh. ill-thought plantation of exotic & invasive species in grassland ecosystems, mortality by collision with infrastructure, particularly power lines and wind turbines. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Diseases- mass mortality last year in an outbreak of. Down To Earth is a product of our commitment to make changes in the way we manage our environment, protect health and secure livelihoods and economic security for all. A small subpopulation of humpback whales in the Arabian sea. Among the deer species, swamp deer (Cervus duavcelli branderi) or hard-ground barasingha is the pride of the place, as it is the only subspecies of swamp deer in India, except the great swamp deer of Sundarbans. Most widely-used and preferred model organisms in biological research across the world for the last 100 years. Habitat loss due to the destruction of wetlands for development activities. Context: Introduction of African Cheetah from Namibia in India. Species are described in science but not assessed by IUCN. Inhabits dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent. There are three species of rhino in Asia-. The variables used while … Hunting for its skin and flesh, used in traditional medicine. Largest populations are found in Rajasthan. 6. Context: Recently, India proposed it’s listing should be moved from CITES Appendix II to Appendix I. Swam deer are already extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh. The other two subspecies are adapted to swampy areas. loss of seagrass beds due to ocean floor trawling. Native to Central, South and Southeast Asia. But the following year, in March 2018, six deer died due to stress. Primarily found growing along river banks below 900 metres (3,000 ft) elevation. Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal and northern Arunachal Pradesh. Context: India’s proposal to upgrade the protection of Indian star tortoise in CITES approved. For not only is the animal extremely shy and difficult to spot, but it’s also listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, a global environment registry of sorts that tracks the rate at which a species is dying out. Species that are pervasive and abundant after careful assessment. The Act provides for the protection of plants and animal in India. Populations in northern and central India are fragmented, and two isolated populations occur in southwestern Nepal. Species of oceanic dolphin found in discontinuous subpopulations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia-. collected both for local use, such as decorative masks, and international wildlife trade. Various conservation methods were used, including habitat improvement and captive breeding that led to an increase in the population to around 450 in 2015 and 800 this year. One of the most trafficked animals in the world and part of the exotic pet trade. Extinct in Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Historically, it inhabited much of Western Asia and the Middle East up to northern India. A deciduous tree native to tropical areas of America. Peacock Parachute Spider or Gooty Tarantula. Context: Session of Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) programme held. Includes species threatened with extinction. It consists of 6 schedules which provide a varying degree of protection. Found in the Indian Ocean and throughout the entire Pacific region. Development processes and Development Industry, Mechanisms, laws, institutions & bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of these vulnerable sections, Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre & States & the performance of these schemes, Model Answers for UPSC CSE 2020 GS 3 Paper, Monthly Case Studies Compilation: December 2020. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categories. The southern swamp deer and eastern swamp deer are adapted to swampy areas. Over-exploitation of local fish stocks and retaliatory killing. Morges:IUCN. Dalbergia sissoo is commonly known as Rosewood or Shisham. Second-most threatened turtle in the world. lake (Chilika) is home to their highest single lagoon population. Most commonly found in water with a high abundance of prey and reduced flow. In India there two races of this deer found: one is the swamp inhabiting and is found mainly in the Terai region of U.P., small numbers in the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary. ecological degradation, like bush encroachment common in southern Africa. It is known as the "Swamp-deer" in parts of north-eastern Bengal, but the term, though used as its English name by Jerdon, is scarcely appropriate. It is now found only in south- western Nepal and central and northeastern India. Found in Rajasthan (Desert National park), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh (Karera Wildlife Sanctuary), Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary) and parts of Pakistan. Used as a traditional Asian medicine- everything from energy drinks to treatments for diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS make it prone to illegal trade across borders. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. 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