Like the 1991 Canadian census, the 2006 New Zealand census was preceded by heightened public debate around the ethnicity question. One interviewee observed that much time was dedicated to developing the skills of those involved in delivering the project and building capacity in relation to public engagement, and this was regarded as one of the project's more successful elements.Â, The analysis of the project identified a number of strengths in relation to the project management, including a clear structure and setup, and a flexibility within the system to adapt to challenges and improve the approach to public engagement. [5] One interviewee from Loomio also described the Stats NZ team as being very committed to the project and the aims of the public engagement process.Â,,,,,,,,,, Licence to occupy (a common tenure for people living in independent, self-care, townhouses and units in retirement villages, in which a person lives in a dwelling but does not own it). Through the Stats NZ's existing mailing lists and social media, the team reached out to groups within the LGBTQ+ community, Māori, religious organisations, and other civic groups that would be particularly affected by proposed changes.Â, The Loomio discussions remained open for two months from 30 April to 30 June 2015. The conclusions and final decisions were then made by Stats NZ and published in a final report. ... Census and 26% since the 1991 Census (Statistics New Zealand 2007c). Information from the official census helps determine how billions of dollars of government funding are spent across the country. [5], Stats NZ appointed a project manager to oversee and administer the process of public engagement, and one interviewee involved in the delivery of the project described how they employed younger and more tech-savvy people to support them. [7]Â, Stats NZ reported being very satisfied with the project and its capacity to access hard-to-reach groups and engage a much wider group of people than through traditional methods. There was a strong relationship between Loomio and the Stats NZ team, which enabled a robust engagement process. [3]Â, The 2018 Census has also been criticised for its failure to include Pākehā as an ethnic identity option, any questions on sexual orientation, and any questions that capture non-binary gender identity. It also carried out extensive testing of the proposed changes, including cognitive tests of questions, mass completion tests, and two large-scale pilots in 2016 and 2017. Stats NZ’s retrospective analysis argues that one of the strengths of the project was the “high-quality information used to help decision-making”. For the 2006 census, respondents were allowed to complete all questions in either English or Māori. [5], [1] Statistics NZ use for Loomio, 2016, Loomio, Available at:, [2] Counted out: anger as New Zealand census fails to tick all the boxes, Eleanor Ainge Roy, 6 March 2018, The Guardian, Available at:, [3] Political Roundup: The Absolute Debacle of the 2018 Census, Bryce Edwards, 6 March 2019, New Zealand Herald, Available at:, [4] 2018 Census, 2015, Loomio, Available at:, [5] Retrospective Summary Stats NZ, 4 August 2015, Statistics NZ, [6] 2018 Census report on final content, July 2017, Statistics NZ, Available from:, [7] 2018 Census- Ethnicity, culture and identity, 2015, Loomio, Available at:, [8] NZ Census Update: September 2019 for the first release, Penny, 30 April 2019, id experts, Available at:, [9] Census 2018 Heads Should roll, incompetence reigns, Māori Council (press release), 17 December 2018, Scoop independent news, Available at:, [10] LGBT community slams Statistics New Zealand's “gross incompetence”, O'Driscoll, E, 4 July 2019, News Hub, Available at:, [11] Political Roundup: Statistics NZ and a census failure of “epic proportions”, Edwards, B, 16 April 2019, New Zealand Herald, Available at:, Join our network to receive regular updates on the conversations we're having with government problem solvers, policy trends we're tracking, tools we've developed for people in public services and events where you'll find us talking about how to find new solutions to some of government's trickiest challenges, Building on our previous research around shared power, legitimacy, and experimentation, we present an emerging vision for the future of government, Insights from European cities' rapid and creative reactions to the pandemic, How the UK can respond to the COVID-19 Crisis, Prominent examples of regions and communities responding to economic downturns. The New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings was due to take place in 2018, five years after it was last held in 2013. However, data on ethnicity is usually output for the census usually resident subject population. PScript5.dll Version 5.2.2 It is difficult to create a question that captures all these aspects. Gender identity can change over time and be expressed in a number of ways and forms. The agency's retrospective analysis observes that one of the project's strengths was that it created a “real buzz that the government was willing to engage in this way” and that the “gender diversity community (sic) were still talking about the project after the process”. application/pdf However, questions remain over what this shift represents theoretically and practically in terms of the key functions for which ethnicity data is collected, including the measurement and monitoring ... New Zealand’s … It was felt, particularly by NGOs and researchers, that this information would be useful to inform funding and policy decisions of relevance to these population groups.Â, While Stats NZ conducted testing on questions around these issues, the final report commented with regard to the inclusion of questions regarding sexual orientation: “The results from the July 2016 test indicated that there would likely be some issues in producing high-quality data for this topic. 1. Others commented on the difference between national identity and ethnicity, and the value of the ethnicity data. However, we are committed to further investigating this important but complex topic within the wider OSS (New Zealand's Official Statistics System).”[6] The decision was therefore to exclude any questions regarding sexual orientation or gender identity from the 2018 census.Â, Finally, the categories of ethnicity remained unchanged, despite extensive debate online. Find information by the ethnic groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. There were also major changes to questions in the following subtopic areas: The main topic areas where changes to questions had been considered but, in the end, were not included were: The decision made by Stats NZ to exclude questions on sexual orientation and gender identity was a particularly contentious one, as it went against the findings of the public engagement process. These included questions about technology, e.g. An ethnicity question, followed by a race question can be a good way to capture accurate data of both race and ethnicity. Consultation on gender identity also revealed a high level of interest in collecting relevant data. By 1976 the census form had been altered to give categories for 'full NZ Maori' and fractions of Māori ethnicity such as '1/8 Maori'. @�F%*3�QlB�}&qN��f��A�M[W~d�ğ�@{�4_­����s��_|�Q8Gv�,#I{���,I�VJ��Z��ic�[�'ީ�6Mc���?U�Z��O+zJ=C�}lʛ�j���5�����늢ͽr!Np#��Fe^u�.�(�[���J�Pf�x�z����j�D��H B[�nk4o�Y��ꦫ�c��50J���T��F���*��a�4O��i����p:&���O�U�OzKqU�x�N�;�N�E�O����/~��f���feG�`��|0���0g�}�[��Q�Rc��� ���3�.��0cj7�cT�w���h��%�C/�~�J�\�2*Z�4����%�Y]��w�4�H4�CSb��_Mt��]�ǽ�!�*ߢk:�4� ΍8(�EQ7��6cK���q�eC�06��L=�P�9B�w�nڲ{�ƴ�7m�U����42P��g��I t���9����4Rǔ���`�O��)q���qo�QE$�͛���]*��O��������/_S/M{փne%���zr� �al1 �'L䐐^{��1��7�Ā��ݴ�v? The Censuses in Scotland and Northern Ireland use different ethnicity classifications. 94% of residents aged 15 years and over were able to have a conversation about Mozambique. with the ethnicity question and writes “New Zealander” in the space labeled “other”. The format is to remain the same and the font size and dimensions must not be reduced. [1] Despite this, the eventual census has been criticised for its “digital first” approach to data gathering, its failure to include a Pākehā ethnic category, its questions on sexual orientation, the absence of a non-binary gender option, its low completion rates, and the delays in publishing results. They are taken primarily for population studies, taxation, and military purposes. [11] This is a particular issue in relation to data provided by Māori respondents, whose response rate is predicted to be as low as 70 or 80 percent. In the data collected, the non-heterosexual populations were smaller than the number of respondents who did not answer the question or indicated they preferred not to answer it. The estimated resident population of the Māori ethnic group is based on the census usually resident population count of the Māori ethnic group with adjustments for Māori residents missed or counted more than once by the census (net census undercount), for Māori residents temporarily overseas on census night and for non-response to the census ethnicity question. Our commitment to Diversity, Equity & Inclusion. A retrospective analysis conducted by Stats NZ observed that having two members of the Stats NZ team as a dedicated resource was a particular strength of the project.[5]. These tests were designed to ensure that the questions produced high-quality data and helped determine the agency’s ultimate decisions about which questions to adapt or retain unchanged, and which new questions to include.Â, The analysis of the project indicated a strong commitment and alignment of values on the part of those delivering the project. The purpose and scope of the public engagement process were also clearly communicated to people through the Loomio platform – public input would be used to advise decision-makers and direct them on the potential revisions. It gives public servants the ability to paint a picture that, because there was no or little response from some of these Māori communities, no one lives there and therefore it's a perfect excuse to withdraw services.”[9]Â, During the public engagement stage, the use of technology both in engaging the public and hosting discussions was considered to increase the efficiency and significantly reduce costs and barriers when compared with the traditional approaches of print media engagement and town hall meetings. It was a “digital first” census with citizens primarily expected to use the internet to answer the questions. Northern Ireland. Various terms for New Zealanders of European descent were considered. The standard ethnicity question for the health and disability sector is the Statistics New Zealand 2001 Census ethnicity question (see Section 3.3). They identified the fact that up to a fifth of the questions might need to be changed. One report quotes an expert as saying that Māori risk losing an electoral seat and more than 20 new iwi will not be counted correctly, due to unreliable census data. “The ‘New Zealander' responses decreased from 10.9 percent to 1.6 percent between the 2006 and 2013 censuses. Therefore, we will not include this topic in the 2018 Census. The 2014 census enumerated people by nationality. NZDep for 2018 (NZDep2018) The NZDep for 2018 (NZDep2018) provides a deprivation score for each Statistical Area 1 (SA1) (and its constituent meshblocks) in New Zealand (Figure 1). Many commenters felt that ‘New Zealand European' was an inadequate description and wanted a ‘New Zealander' response category. In its final report, Stats NZ acknowledged the input from the public and provided an account of why they did not implement these recommendations. The Loomio platform was used to host online public discussion, while the organisation also assisted in the online recruitment process and in providing facilitation training for Stats NZ staff.Â, The initiative was particularly successful at accessing marginalised and hard-to-reach groups, including young people, and enabling their views to inform the reworking of the questions for the 2018 Census. This case study has been assessed using the Public Impact Fundamentals, a simple framework and practical too to help you assess your public policies and ensure the three fundamentals - Legitimacy, Policay and Action are embedded in them. However, strictly speaking, New Zealander is a nationality not an ethnicity. Susan Riddle from Stats NZ observed that through Loomio they were able to “reach people who wouldn't have otherwise contributed to the conversation, including marginalised populations and youth”. People were counted by language in all censuses … But there is a difference between NZ Europeans and Europeans born elsewhere. Each term was contested. Ethnicity code tables For the national collections. The discussions were organised around key themes and divided into the following 12 topic areas, Each topic area was further divided into individual discussion subtopics: for example, “Ethnicity, culture and identity” included 11 discussion subtopics, such as ethnicity, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, and gender identity. Whangarei District Council Community profile. 2009-12-15T16:36:15+13:00 ethnicity question in the 2006 Population Census, ... public discussion and attention at the time of the 2006 Census. 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